In this post i will try to simplify the essence of Japanese grammar rules. The verbs and adjectives are the core of Japanese grammar. These verbs and adjectives take different forms depending upon time(past, present,future), conjugation and level of respect shown.
An attempt will be made in this post to show all the rules in single place so that it can be grasped easily.
1. Japanese Language has basically three forms of verbs
|Group I verb||In this group, the last sound of the ます form is that of い line||e.g. かきます； のみます|
|Group II verb||In this group, the last sound of the ます form is that of え line||e.g.たべます； みせます； みます*|
|Group III verb||Verb of this group ends at します and noun denoting action +します||e.g.|
2. Japanese Language has basically two types of adjectives (い ＆ な）
3. Verb has different forms viz. plane form, dictionary form, ない form, masu form etc
4. Rules to change to Te（て） form for verbs
|Group I verb||Depending upon the sound, the て form varies as follows||e.g. かきます； のみます|
|Group II verb||Replace ます with て||e.g.たべます； みせます； みます*|
|Group III verb||Replace ます with て||e.g.|
5. Present continuous tense (V-ing) form is represented as Vーて います