Available variables in code aster that I tested. I will be updating this table after testing other elements.
FIELD NAME  AVAILABLE VARIABLES  APPLICABLE MODEL TYPES  NON APPLICABLE MODEL 
EFGE_ELNO  N,VY,VZ,MT, MFY,MFZ  POU_D_E,  3D, 2D 
SIEF_ELNO  POU_D_T, POU_D_E POU_D_TG, POU_D_T_GD 

FORC_F  FX FY FZ MX MY MZ  
DEPL_R  DX DY DZ DRX DRY MARTINI DRZ  
SIEF_R  SIXX SIYY SIZZ SIXY SIXZ SIYZ  3D  
SIEF_R  NR VY VZ MT MFY MFZ  Discrete elements  
SIEF_R  NXX NYY NXY MXX MYY MXY QX QY  HULL  
SIEF_R  BR  Beam with wrapping  
SIEF_R  POU_D_T, POU_D_E POU_D_TG, POU_D_T_GD 

SIEF_ELGA  3D,2D, DKT, DST, Q4G, Q4GG, COQUE_3D, BARR, 2D_BARR  POU_D_T, POU_D_E POU_D_TG, POU_D_T_GD 

SIGM_ELGA  3D,2D, DKT, DST, Q4G, Q4GG, COQUE_3D  POU_D_T, POU_D_E POU_D_TG, POU_D_T_GD 

SIGM_ELNO  POU_D_T, POU_D_E POU_D_TG, POU_D_T_GD 

EFGE_ELNO
Effort 
3D, 2D  
EFGE_ELNO  3D, 2D  
FORC_NODA
nodal forces 
DX DY DZ DRX DRY MARTINI DRZ  
EPSI_ELGA  
EPSG_ELGA  3D  Hulls, plates (except DKTG and Q4GG), PIPES, Multifibre beams 

EPME_ELGA  3D  Hulls, plates (except DKTG and Q4GG) 

EPMG_ELGA  3D  Hulls, plates (except DKTG and Q4GG), PIPES, Multifibre beams 

EPSP_ELGA  3D  Hulls, plates (except DKTG and Q4GG) 

EPSI_ELNO

3D  
EPSG_ELNO  3D  Hulls, plates (except DKTG and Q4GG), PIPES, Multifibre beams 

EPME_ELNO  3D  Hulls, plates (except DKTG and Q4GG) 

EPMG_ELNO  3D  Hulls, plates (except DKTG and Q4GG), PIPES, Multifibre beams 

EPSP_ELNO  3D  Hulls, plates (except DKTG and Q4GG) 

DEGE_ELGA

Plates, Coques1D 
3D  
DEGE_ELNO

Plates, Coques1D 
3D  
VARI_ELGA  BARR, 2D_BARR  
Some clues:
DEGE : deformations generalized on the elements of beam or hull
ELNO: Node calculation carried out by extrapolation with the nodes of the quantities at the points of Gauss
ELGA:Gauss point
NOEU:
EF~:Effort
SI~: Stress