Useful information for taking dirving lisence exam in Nepal (ड्राइभिङ्ग को लागि उपयोगी जानकारी)

This post shoould useful for those who are appearing for written exam of driving license in Nepal.

Driving license is issued by department of transportation in Nepal (website: http://www.dotm.gov.np).

The result of exam can be viewed at http://www.dotm.gov.np/bagmati-license/license-result. But this page is seldom updated. The result can also be obtained by sending sms to 4321 by typing dotm space Registration number (e.g. dotm 232452343).

परीक्षामा सोध्न सकिने महत्वपुर्ण जानकारीहरु

 

सवारी साधनको सिट संख्या (चालक सिट सहित)

लामो दुरीको डाइरेक्ट बस सेवा ४० सिट
द्रुत (एक्सप्रेस) बस सेवा ५० सिट
साधारण बस सेवा ५६ सिट
मिनीबस २५ सिट
भ्यान जीप तथा माइक्रो बसमा १४ सिट
सफा टेम्पो १२ सिट
कार तथा ट्याक्सी ५ सिट
मिटर जडित टेम्पो ४ सिट
ट्रक, टैंकर र मिनीट्रक ३ सिट
पीकअप ५ सिट
पावर टैलर १ सिट
मोटरसाईकल २ सिट

 

नम्बर प्लेटका प्रकारहरु

प्लेटको रंग अक्षरको रंग
निजी सवारी रातो सेतो
सरकारी सवारी सेतो रातो
भाडा वा सार्वजनिक सवारी कालो सेतो
कुटनीतिक सवारी निलो सेतो
पर्यटक सवारी हरियो सेतो
अस्थाई सवारी सेतो कालो
मंत्रीहरुका सवारी निलो र रातो सेतो
संस्थानका सवारी पहेलो निलो

 

बाटोका प्रकार

लामो बाटो २५० किमि भन्दा लामो बाटो
मध्यम बाटो १००-२५० किमि
छोटो बाटो २५-१०० किमि
स्थानीय बाटो २५ किमि भन्दा कम दुरिको बाटो

 

सवारी साधना किसिम

ठुला सवारी १० टन भन्दा बढी भार बोक्ने क्षमता भएका सवारी (बस, ट्रक, ट्रयाक्टर, दमकल)
मझैला सवारी ४-१० टन (मिनीबस, मिनीट्रक, जिप, पिकअप)
साना सवारी ४ टन भन्दा कम भार बोक्ने क्षमता भएका सवारी (कार, जिप, भ्यान)

 

सवारी रोक्ने दुरी

गति (कि.मि. प्रति घण्टा) रोकिने दुरी (मिटर)
२०
३० १२
४० १७
५० २३
६० ३६
८० ५३

 

सवारी नम्बर प्लेटको संकेत अक्षर र अंक

नं सवारीको किसिम निजी भाडा सरकारी संस्थान पर्यटक
ठुला सवारीहरु

(बस, ट्रक, दमकल)

साना सवारीहरु
तीन पाङ्‍रे क्ष त्र
ट्याक्टर, पावर ट्रेलर
मोटरसाइकल, स्कुटर

 

सवारीको गति निर्धारण

नं सवारीको किसिम प्रतिघण्टा कि.मि. (बढीमा)
कार, जीप, भ्यान र पिकअप ८०
टेम्पो ४०
मोटरसाईकल ५०
बस, ट्रक (पहाडी बाटो) ५०
बस, ट्रक (समतल बाटो) ७०
बाक्लो बस्ती भएको सडकमा कुनै पनि सवारी ४०

 

ड्राइभिङ् लाइसेन्स लिने उमेर

नं सवारीको किसिम उमेर
मोटरसाईकल र स्कुटर १६ बर्ष
साना तथा मझौला सवारी १८ बर्ष
ठुला सवारी २१ बर्ष

 

ड्राइभिङ् लाइसेन्स लिदा र नविकरण गर्दा लाग्ने दस्तुर

नं सवारीको किसिम दस्तुर
मोटरसाईकल र स्कुटर रु ७००
साना सवारी रु १०००
मझौला सवारी रु १५००
ठुला सवारी रु २०००

बिमा रकम सम्बन्धी

 

नं विवरण रकम
ठुला र मझौला सवारी चालकको रु १,५०,०००
ठुला र मझौला सवारी परीचालक, चेकर, हेल्पर र अन्य कर्मचारीको रु १,००,०००
यात्री बीमा रु ५०,०००
तेस्रो पक्ष (पैदल यात्री) को रु ५,००,०००

 

कार्यलयले लिने दस्तुर सम्बन्धी जानकारी

ड्रइभिङ्ग लाइसेन्स सम्बन्धी

नं सवारीको किसिम राजश्व रकम
ठुला सवारी रु २,०००
मझौला सवारी रु १,५००
साना सवारी रु १,०००
मोटर साइकल र स्कुटर रु ७००

 

लाइसेन्स समुहथप गर्दा लाग्ने द्तुर

नं सवारीको किसिम राजश्व रकम
सानोको रु १००
मझौलाको रु २५०
ठुलाको रु ५००

स्पष्टिकरण: एउटै चालक अनुमति पत्रमा एकभन्दा वढी किसिमका सवारी चलउने इजाजत पाएका हकमा सबैभन्दा बढी दस्तुर मात्र लाग्नेछ।

 

 

Database for blood doners (Nepal)

List of blood donors in Nepal.

blood

Currently, the list contains only AB+ donors of Kathmandu.

Download Contact List

The list is compiled from various sources such as publications, websites, etc. Hence , the privacy of the donors is deemed to be open source and this site do not take responsibility if there is error in the data.

Kanji Chart for N5

This kanji chart may be useful to Japanese language learner. Print it in a large paper and hang in your toilet!

Download pdf version of kanji chart here
kanjilist
.

Whaling in Japan

Japan was an isolated country till 1850s. There were almost no foreigners in this country with exception of few Dutch who were living in isolated island of Nagasaki. However, in 1850s, US came to Japan with her military ships to Japan to force her to open up her land to foreigners. The main reason for US to force Japan was to help US whaling industry to expand. Whaling industry was very big and powerful on those days. These industries were killing whales all over the world. The ocean of Japan had high population of whales. But the problem was, this place was too far from US and it was difficult for these whaling ships to replenish their fuel and supplies. Realizing that the land of Japan was most suitable place to anchor their ships and refill it, US senate decided to send warships to Japan and start diplomatic relation with her.

Few days ago (19Sept2014) BBC reported that Japan is violating international law and has started to kill whales in name of research. US is one of the leading countries who wants to stop Japan from killing whales. Shouldn’t US see mirror of her face before making any comment on Japan? It is shameful that US is accusing Japan without any concrete proof. Today’s international law restricts US to come to Japan with warships. Even if US wants to do research in this area, they need to take permission of Japan and surrounding countries to send their team. Therefore, instead of accusing Japan for killing of whales, it is more appropriate for US to send their research team to collaborate with Japanese team and save the whales that their forefather has killed to the verge of extinction.

Financial side of Akashi-Kaiko bridge

Akashi-Kaiko bridge is world’s longest suspension bridge (total length= 4km; suspended length=2km ). It is located in Japan connecting two main islands called Honsu and Sikoku. Recently I had chance to visit this bridge. Yes, as a civil engineer I can say this bridge is awesome, magnificent and beautiful. During construction, this bridge suffered a big earthquake that increased its span by about 0.80m than original length.  Thanks to Japanese high tech and safety measures, only 6 injury occurred to build this bridge and no one lost life during 10 years of construction works.

Besides its technical marvels, i was also interested in hidden parts – financial and economical side of this bridge.

Wikipedia mentions – “The total cost is estimated at 500 billion yen, and is expected to be repaid by charging drivers a toll to cross the bridge. The toll is 2,300 yen and the bridge is used by approximately 23,000 cars per day. At 2300 yen/car annual revenue would equal 19.5 billion yen. Given the interest expense on 500 billion yen, this bridge will never be repaid. But annual revenue is around 4% of investment, so with near zero interest rates in Japan, the bridge will pay for itself in 30 years, plus enable the growth of the overall economy in the region.”

I had doubt on the wiki’s statement. So, I did some research with authentic publications. After some study i found that, wiki is partially correct.

The bridge was build during the times when roads and trains were under Japanese government control. 67% of the investment for the construction of this bridge (and the related highway) was done by central government and rest were divided between 10 other local governments. Interestingly, all the government investments were at 0% interest rate.

In addition, loans were taken in the form of government guaranteed bond, private sector bond and pure loans. Similarly, Japan Railway also had small investment (although there is no train way in Akashi-Kaiko bridge, there is train ways in other bridge connecting two islands which same company operates, hence the loan).

How the investment will be paid back?
In 1990s, there was change in government policies and many government bodies were privatized. This resulted in complicated system of revenue collection and payment system for the bridge. Railway has to pay to the Highway company for leasing the train ways. In addition, the highway itself collects the toll. The total revenue is to be split up for loan payback and maintenance and operation of bridge.

Figure below shows the summary of payment method.

As wiki mentioned earlier, the cost of bridge is so huge that even with cumulative traffic tolls, the revenue will not be sufficient to payback  the normal interest rate. However, as most of the investment was done by government at 0% interest rate, the pay back period of this bridge is estimated to be about 45 years (including cost of highways).

The fact remains that investment by government in such massive projects becomes mandatory if we want to develop the society as a whole.

Just side note: Government of Japan has taken massive loans from World Bank for infrastructure development. However, most of the loans were re-payed in 1990s and now there is almost no loans left to be repaid.

Reference:
http://www.jb-honshi.co.jp/english/library/pdf/bridges.pdf