Category Archives: Language

Katakana and Hiragana Worksheet

Download Katakana worksheet to practice

PDF format:kanaworksheet

Excel format: kanaworksheet

Some Tips For Scientific Writing

Vocabulary for Explaining trends

Increasing trend: went up, climbed, jumped, rose

Decreasing trend: went down, dropped, plummeted, slumped

Constant: remain steady, stable, plateau

List of Adjectives

Salient; Significant

Size, amount, frequency, intensity
Adequate, sufficient, indiscriminate

Abstract; Innovative; economical; consistent; sustainable; hierarchical

Alternative, variable, sustainable, steady, dramatic, sudden, gradual

Likely, possible, surely, definite, inevitable, impossible

List of transitional phrases

In general, overall

Agreement / Addition / Similarity
in the first place; not only ; but also; as a matter of fact ; in like manner; in addition; coupled with; in the same fashion / way; first, second, third; in the light of; not to mention; to say nothing of;equally important; by the same token; again; to; and; also; then; equally; identically; uniquely; like; as; too; moreover; as well as; together with; of course; likewise; comparatively; correspondingly; similarly; furthermore; additionally

Opposition / Limitation / Contradiction
although this may be true; in contrast; different from; of course …, but; on the other hand; on the contrary; at the same time; in spite of; even so / though; be that as it may; then again; above all; in reality; after all; but; (and) still; unlike; or; (and) yet; while; albeit; besides; as much as; even though; although; instead; whereas; despite; conversely; otherwise; however; rather; nevertheless; nonetheless; regardless; notwithstanding

Cause / Condition / Purpose
in the event that; granted (that); as / so long as; on (the) condition (that); for the purpose of; with this intention; with this in mind; in the hope that; to the end that; for fear that; in order to; seeing / being that; in view of; If; then; unless; when; whenever; while ; because of; as; since; while; lest; in case; provided that; given that; only / even if; so that; so as to; owing to; inasmuch as ; due to;

Examples / Support / Emphasis
in other words; to put it differently; for one thing; as an illustration; in this case; for this reason; to put it another way; that is to say; with attention to; by all means; important to realize; another key point; first thing to remember; most compelling evidence; must be remembered; point often overlooked; to point out; on the positive side; on the negative side; with this in mind; notably; including; like; to be sure; namely; chiefly; truly; indeed; certainly; surely; markedly; such as; especially; explicitly; specifically; expressly; surprisingly; frequently; significantly; particularly; in fact; in general; in particular; in detail; for example; for instance; to demonstrate; to emphasize; to repeat; to clarify; to explain; to enumerate;

Effect / Consequence / Result
as a result; under those circumstances; in that case; for this reason; in effect; for; thus; because the; then; hence; consequently; therefore; thereupon; forthwith; accordingly; henceforth;

Conclusion / Summary / Restatement
as can be seen; generally speaking; in the final analysis; all things considered; as shown above; in the long run; given these points; as has been noted; in a word; for the most part; after all; in fact; in summary; in conclusion; in short; in brief; in essence; to summarize; on balance; altogether; overall; ordinarily; usually; by and large; to sum up; on the whole; in any event; in either case; all in all; ; obviously; ultimately; definitely

Time / Chronology / Sequence
at the present time; from time to time; sooner or later; at the same time; up to the present time; to begin with; in due time; as soon as; as long as; in the meantime; in a moment; without delay; in the first place; all of a sudden; at this instant; first, second; immediately; quickly; finally; after; later; last; until; till; since; then; before; hence; since; when; once; about; next; now; formerly; suddenly; shortly; henceforth; whenever; eventually; meanwhile; further; during; in time; prior to; forthwith; straightaway; by the time; whenever; until now; now that; instantly; presently; occasionally;

Space / Location / Place
in the middle; to the left/right; in front of; on this side; in the distance; here and there; in the foreground; in the background; in the center of; adjacent to; opposite to; here; there; next; where; from; over; near; above; below; down; up; under; further; beyond; nearby; wherever; around; between; before; alongside; amid; among; beneath; beside; behind; across;

Avoiding “Very”

Instead of “Very”+ Use
afraid terrified
angry furious
bad atrocious
beautiful exquisite
big immense
bright dazzling
capable accomplished
clean spotless
clever brilliant
cold freezing
neat immaculate
old ancient
poor destitute
pretty beautiful
quite silent
risky perilous
roomy spacious
rude vulgar
serious solemn
small Tiny/minute
Strong mighty
Stupid moronic
Sweet luscious
Tasty delicious
Thin slender
Ugly hideous
Valuable precious
Weak feeble
Wet sodden
Worried Anxious

Best way to explain graphs:

1) Give an introduction. Explain the axis and unit of measurements.
2) Give an overall picture (observe first and last data points and key features)
3) Explain data by comparing and contrasting

Some links


Kanji Chart for N5

This kanji chart may be useful to Japanese language learner. Print it in a large paper and hang in your toilet!

Download pdf version of kanji chart here